Kamala Harris and Julian Castro are calling for Brett Kavanaugh’s impeachment

A new sexual misconduct allegation has surfaced against Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh — and some 2020 Democratic presidential candidates are now once again launching calls for his impeachment.

Sen. Kamala Harris, a member of the Judiciary Committee that oversaw Kavanaugh’s contentious confirmation last year, made her position clear via a tweet on Sunday. Harris argued that Kavanaugh lied to lawmakers and the American people, and should be removed from the bench as a result.

Former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro also pushed for Kavanaugh’s impeachment this weekend, emphasizing that it’s “more clear than ever that Kavanaugh lied under oath.”

And on an appearance on This Week with George Stephanopoulos, Sunday, Sen. Amy Klobuchar, who questioned Kavanaugh as part of the Judiciary Committee as well, stopped short of suggesting impeachment, but deemed his confirmation process a “sham.”

These reactions were prompted by a New York Times piece published this weekend, which featured an excerpt from an upcoming book by Robin Pogrebin and Kate Kelly.

That excerpt details an incident similar to the one described by Kavanaugh’s former Yale classmate, Deborah Ramirez. Ramirez had alleged that Kavanaugh drunkenly exposed himself and forcibly thrust his genitals in her face without her consent, something Kavanaugh denied. A second Yale classmate has now levied a similar allegation from another party attended by Kavanaugh:

We also uncovered a previously unreported story about Mr. Kavanaugh in his freshman year that echoes Ms. Ramirez’s allegation. A classmate, Max Stier, saw Mr. Kavanaugh with his pants down at a different drunken dorm party, where friends pushed his penis into the hand of a female student. Mr. Stier, who runs a nonprofit organization in Washington, notified senators and the F.B.I. about this account, but the F.B.I. did not investigate and Mr. Stier has declined to discuss it publicly. (We corroborated the story with two officials who have communicated with Mr. Stier.)

Last fall, allegations of sexual misconduct threw Kavanaugh’s confirmation into doubt. At the time, Palo Alto University professor Christine Blasey Ford accused Kavanaugh of sexually assaulting her in high school and testified in front of the Senate about the incident. Kavanaugh denied this allegation, and the allegation brought by Ramirez. When asked about the new allegation by Pogrebin and Kelly, Kavanaugh declined to comment.

In the wake of Kavanaugh’s confirmation, talk of impeachment had already been floated both because of his testimony on sexual misconduct as well as comments he made about his work in the Bush administration, which some lawmakers saw as potential perjury. Due to the latest revelation in the New York Times, 2020 Democratic candidates are, again, calling both Kavanaugh’s prior testimony — and his rushed confirmation — into question. Republicans, meanwhile, are firmly sticking by his side.

How an impeachment process would work

According to the Supreme Court’s website, the only way to remove a Justice who is not leaving of their own volition is via impeachment. Thus far, there’s only been one instance when one chamber of Congress approved the impeachment of a Justice. The Justice in question was Samuel Chase, a judge the House voted to impeach in 1805 due to his treatment of “biased jurors” and defense witnesses. The Senate went on to acquit him.

As Vox’s Dylan Matthews writes, impeachment of a Supreme Court Justice works pretty much the same way it would for a president:

Impeachment and removal of a federal judge, including a Supreme Court justice, requires meeting a high political bar. Just as with presidents, a majority of the House must approve an indictment to impeach, and a two-thirds supermajority of the US Senate must convict for the judge or justice to lose their office.

Given the Republican Senate, it’s unlikely that a push for Kavanaugh’s impeachment would garner enough Congressional support. This current reality, however, doesn’t mean that Democrats are necessarily ready to give up the fight.

Since the Senate poses an obstacle, Democrats may instead turn to the House of Representatives, where they hold a majority and control which investigations are launched. But only if Democrats manage to keep their majority in the House, win the Senate, and put one of the candidates calling for impeachment in the White House will Kavanaugh’s seat be in any real danger.